Tewr Vinayoğ Serre Name Menşey cı Resım Drosera aberrans (Lowrie & Carlquist) Lowrie & Conran2008: Australya: Drosera acaulis: L.f. 1781: Afrikay Veroci: Drosera adelae: F.Muell. She has light forest green scales, with small gold scales speckled along the edges of her wings, talons, and across her snout. Drosera regia, also known as the King sundew, is a carnivorous plant of the sundew family. Drosera glanduligera ist die einzige Art der Sektion Coelophylla aus der Pflanzengattung Sonnentau (Drosera) innerhalb der Familie der Sonnentaugewächse (Droseraceae). The droughts that have been sweeping Australia over the last 10 years also pose a threat to many species by drying up previously moist areas. Climbing species form scrambling stems which can reach much longer lengths, up to 3 meters (10 ft.) in the case of D. erythrogyna. [11], The mucilage produced by Drosera has remarkable elastic properties and has made this genus a very attractive subject in biomaterials research. The pollen grain type is compound, which means four microspores (pollen grains) are stuck together with a protein called callose. Older leaves that touch the ground may sprout plantlets. Darwin preformed a multitude of experiments on plants like the Venus Fly Trap, Pitcher Plant, and the Sundew. Although none of the Drosera species in the United States are federally protected, all are listed as threatened or endangered in some states. sundew Typical plants include pitcher plants, sundew, cotton grass, and poison sumac. Want to make the wiki better? In a few areas, however, it is found farther south, particularly in Japan, southern Europe, the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi, and California. Eventually, the prey either succumb to death through exhaustion or through asphyxiation as the mucilage envelops them and clogs their spiracles. Drosera anglica grows in open, non-forested habitat with wet, often calcium-rich soils. As a result of differential cell growth rates, the sundew tentacles are able to achieve movement towards prey and the leaf center through the bending caused by expanding cells. Dried sundew is sometimes used to make medicine. In 1958, Sundew was … In the US state of Minnesota, it was found in 1978 growing in shallow pools in peatlands with minerotrophic water dominated by low growing mosses and sedge species; because of its limited to small populations, and the type of microhabitats that it occupies, it is listed as a threatened species in the state. Commonly, plants are grown in a soil substrate containing some combination of dead or live sphagnum moss, sphagnum peat moss, sand, and/or perlite, and are watered with distilled, reverse osmosis, or rain water. See more ideas about sundew plant, carnivorous plants, plants. Those species endemic to a very limited area are often most threatened by the collection of plants from the wild. Drosera brevifolia (the dwarf, small or red sundew), is a carnivorous plant of the family Droseraceae and is the smallest sundew species native to the United States.This species differs considerably from the pink sundew, Drosera capillaris, by its wedge-shaped leaves, and distinctly deeper red to reddish purple color, … In addition to the three species and the hybrid native to Europe, North America is also home to four additional species; D. brevifolia is a small annual native to coastal states from Texas to Virginia, while D. capillaris, a slightly larger plant with a similar range, is also found in areas of the Caribbean. Many sundews can bend parts of … World Wildlife Fund Germany, TRAFFIC Germany (eds.). Diese fleischfressende Pflanze kommt nur in Tasmanien und im südlichen Australien vor. The relatively unimpressive image of these plants, as well as their small, low growth, makes them difficult to protect. In one recent study, the adhesive mucilages of three species (D. binata, D. capensis, and D. spatulata) were analyzed for nanofiber and nanoparticle content. Herbarium specimens were also a mix of the two species. [10] The altitudinal range is from 5 m to at least 2000 m.[9][11] [22], Sundews were used as medicinal herbs as early as the 12th century, when an Italian doctor from the School of Salerno, Matthaeus Platearius, described the plant as an herbal remedy for coughs under the name herba sole. Die bei Drosera indica auf den Fangblättern beobachteten nicht-sekretierenden Emergenzen sind zwischen 0,1 und 1,0 mm klein, meist über die ganze Blattfläche verteilt, pilzförmig und besitzen bei australischen Varietäten einen halbkugelförmigen gelben Kopf, während afrikanische Varietäten einen farblos durchscheinenden, … This phylogenetic study has made the need for a revision of the genus even clearer. Datei:Carnivorous Plant Time Lapse (Drosera Capensis) "eating" a Fruit Fly.ogv. Some species have wiry root systems that remain during frosts if the stem dies. 200 de specii.Roua cerului, denumită științific Drosera rotundifolia, este una din puținele plante carnivore ce pot fi întâlnite și în România ; specie ocrotită, ea poate fi admirată în turbăriile muntoase, majoritatea … Pygmy sundews: A group of roughly 40 Australian species, they are distinguished by miniature growth, the formation of, Tuberous sundews: These nearly 50 Australian species form an underground, Queensland sundews: A small group of three species (. Some species, like Drosera glanduligera can curl its tentacles towards its prey in less than a second. There are somewhere around 130 species found on almost every continent of earth. The Sundew, (Drosera) are probably the most diverse genus of carnivorous plants in the world. Tentacle movement can occur in a matter of minutes, whereas the leaf takes hours or days to bend. Also called drosera. The Sundews (Drosera) comprise one of the largest genera of carnivorous plants, with over 170 species. sundew definition: 1. a small plant that can digest insects after they get stuck on its sticky hairs 2. a small plant…. Sundews, or Drosera, are beautiful & deadly carnivorous plants that lure insects with glistening dewdrops. Choose among Temperates, Tropicals, Pygmies, and Hybrids. Woods noted that this appeared to be an ongoing process with D. anglica speciating from D. rotundifolia × D. linearis through amphidiploidy in multiple locations. Drosera spatulata, the spoon-leaved sundew, is a variable, rosette-forming sundew with spoon-shaped leaves. Drosera anglica is one of the most widely distributed sundews in the world. [11] In general, the flowers are white or pink. Just like the more well-known Venus flytrap, these awesome plants survive by catching and eating bugs! Reintroduction of plants into such habitats is usually difficult or impossible, as the ecological needs of certain populations is closely tied to their geographical location. Individual sundew species have adapted to a wide variety of environments, including atypical habitats, such as rainforests, deserts (D. burmannii and D. indica), and even highly shaded environments (Queensland sundews). The trapping and digestion mechanism usually employs two types of glands: stalked glands that secrete sweet mucilage to attract and ensnare insects and enzymes to digest them, and sessile glands that absorb the resulting nutrient soup (the latter glands are missing in some species, such as D. erythrorhiza). This allows sundews, which do not rely on soil-bound nutrients, to flourish where more dominating vegetation would usually outcompete them. Some species need stratification (cool, damp winter). rotundifolia.[31]. Cape Sundew is a plant that creates sun from attacking zombies. A further type of (mostly strong red and yellow) emergence has recently been discovered in a few Australian species (D. hartmeyerorum, D. indica). It is the only species in the Drosera subgenus Phycopsis.. D. binata occurs naturally in Australia, primarily in coastal areas from Fraser Island in Queensland, southwards down through New South Wales and Victoria to Tasmania … The glands produce nectar to attract prey, … Dec 18, 2019 - Explore John Wallace's board "Sundew plant" on Pinterest. D. filiformis has two subspecies native to the East Coast of North America, the Gulf Coast, and the Florida panhandle. [15] Among some drosera species, a second bending response occurs in which non-local, distant tentacles bend towards prey as well as the bending of the entire leaf blade to maximize contact with prey. [6] The odorless, nectar-less flowers do not rely on insect pollinators for pollination, rather setting seed well through self-pollination (autogamy). Life History Many species of sundew can self-pollinate, while others reproduce through seeds. Plants are green, coloring red in bright light. [3] The plant meanwhile secretes esterase, peroxidase, phosphatase and protease enzymes. These consist of a knot of tightly curled leaves at ground level, which unfurl in spring at the end of the dormancy period. It also has features which are not found in many other sundews, such as wooded rhizomes and special covered … The Sundew Drosera, on the other hand, is an active flypaper. Sundews, the Drosera, are one of the largest groups of Carnivorous Plants, and we offer a large selection. Sundews, also known as Drosera, are a type of carnivorous plant. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 7. Der Text ist unter der Lizenz „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“ verfügbar; Informationen zu … Several naturally occurring hybrids involving D. anglica exist. As is typical for sundews, the laminae are densely covered with stalked reddish colored mucilaginous glands, each tipped with a clear droplet of a viscous fluid used for trapping insects. For every zombie it poisons, the Cape Sundew will make 25 sun. Each of 200+ species of sundew has a unique beauty, and some even move. It is a temperate species with a generally circumboreal range,[4] although it does occur as far south as Japan, southern Europe, and the island of Kauaʻi in Hawaiʻi, where it grows as a subtropical sundew. [12] Since the leaf morphology of D. anglica is an intermediary between that of D. rotundifolia and D. linearis and the two occur sympatrically in several locations, Wood conjectured that D. anglica likely originated from a hybrid between these two. Contribute towards getting larger projects done on our Patreon! They use a thick gluey goo called mucilage to trap and digest their prey.The mucilage is attached to special hairs called trichomes. Small butterflies, damselflies, and even dragonflies can become immobilized by the plant's sticky mucilage. When something gets caught, the tentacles touching the prey exude additional mucilage to mire down the prey, which eventually dies of exhaustion or is asphyxiated as the mucilage clogs its tracheae. It is one of the most common sundews in cultivation because of its size, easy to grow nature, and the great amount of seeds it produces. The centers of diversity are Australia, with roughly 50% of all known species, and South America and southern Africa, each with more than 20 species. Death usually occurs within 15 minutes. Sundew are plants that catch insects using their sticky leaves. The insects are used to supplement the poor mineral nutrition of the soil in which the plants grow. A few species, however, such as D. regia and D. cistiflora, have flowers 4 cm (1.6 in) or more in diameter. Sundew definition: any of several bog plants of the genus Drosera , having leaves covered with sticky hairs... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and … Where the ranges of the two latter species overlap, they sometimes hybridize to form the sterile D. × obovata. The natural hybrid D. rotundifolia × D. linearis (conventionally but incorrectly referred to as Drosera ×anglica), is also sterile but is morphologically similar to the modern D. The genus i… In the wild, it only grows in two places in a single valley in South Africa.Its leaves can grow to a size of 70 cm in length. The ovary is superior and develops into a dehiscent seed capsule bearing numerous tiny seeds. The radially symmetrical (actinomorphic) flowers are always perfect and have five parts (the exceptions to this rule are the four-petaled D. pygmaea and the eight to 12-petaled D. heterophylla). As a result, most species are unavailable commercially. Sundews generally grow in seasonally moist or more rarely constantly wet habitats with acidic soils and high levels of sunlight. Sundews are perennial (or rarely annual) herbacious (non-woody) plants, forming prostrate or upright rosettes between 1 centimeter (0.4 in.) [3]  In an 1860 letter, Darwin wrote, “…at the present moment, I care more about Drosera than the origin of all the species in the world.”[4], Both the botanical name (from the Greek δρόσος: drosos = "dew, dewdrops") and the English common name (sundew, derived from Latin ros solis, meaning "dew of the sun") refer to the glistening drops of mucilage at the tip of the glandular trichomes that resemble drops of morning dew. long bearing several white flowers which open individually. These droplets look like dew glistening in the sun, thus their name. Through increased legal protection of bogs and moors, as well as a concentrated effort to renaturalize such habitats, the threat to these plants' survival might be curbed, although most species would remain endangered. rotundifolia. English sundew or great sundew is a carnivorous plant. Its English name is sundew, from Latin ros solis, meaning "dew of the sun". This genus is often described as cosmopolitan, meaning it has worldwide distribution. Tissue … A dense carpet of flowering D. anglica on a quaking bog, An atypical D. anglica flower with 6 petals, Several damselflies ensnared by some English sundews, D. anglica growing in a mountain bog, British Columbia, Canada, Species of carnivorous flowering plant in the family Droseraceae, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Flowering phenology and reproductive biology of Drosera anglica (Droseraceae)", Species account, photographs, and Wisconsin distribution, Insectivorous Plants (1875) by Charles Darwin, "Drosera anglica Huds. Common habitats include bogs, fens, swamps, marshes, the tepuis of Venezuela, the wallums of coastal Australia, the fynbos of South Africa, and moist streambanks. It is thought to originate from an amphidiploid hybrid of D. rotun… Individual leaf … [19] Since the section Drosera is polyphyletic, it shows up multiple times in the cladogram (*). Der Langblättrige Sonnentau (Drosera anglica, Syn. Sundews are perennial (or rarely annual) herbaceous plants, forming prostrate or upright rosettes between 1 and 100 cm (0.39 and 39.37 in) in height, depending on the species. [21] Additionally, many of the remaining native populations lie on protected land, such as national parks or wildlife preserves. What soil nutrients are not seeped away by the constant moisture are often used up by the sphagnum or made unavailable by the low soil pH. Since they get some of their food from animals, carnivorous plants can grow in places where the soil is thin, or poor in nutrients. The roots of pygmy sundews are often extremely long in proportion to their size, with a 1-cm (0.4-in) plant extending roots over 15 cm (5.9 in) beneath the soil surface. The members of Droseraceae family attract, arrest, and absorb insects through stalked mucilaginous glands spread over the surface of their leaves. When action potentials reach their target cells, the plant hormone auxin causes protons (H+ ions) to be pumped out of the plasma membrane into the cell wall, thereby reducing the pH and making the cell wall more acidic. Its scientific name is from the Greek δρόσος: "drosos" = "dew, dewdrops". The tentacles are extremely sensitive and will bend toward the center of the leaf to bring the insect into contact with as many stalked glands as possible. Drosera binata, commonly known as the forked sundew or fork-leaved sundew, is a large, perennial sundew native to Australia and New Zealand.The specific epithet is Latin for "having pairs" - a reference to the leaves, … Carnivorous sundew plants have sticky pads that trap insects. Also of note, the placement of the section Regiae in relation to Aldrovanda and Dionaea is uncertain. spatulata. Sundews, or Drosera, are beautiful & deadly carnivorous plants that lure insects with glistening dewdrops. These are attracted by a sugary scent exuded by the glands, and upon alighting on the plant adhere to the sticky drops of mucilage. Long tentacles protrude from their leaves, each with a sticky gland at the tip. Genus of carnivorous flowering plants in the family Droseraceae, "Sundew" redirects here. Europe is home to only three species: D. intermedia, D. anglica, and D. rotundifolia. Sundews have been shown to be able to achieve a lifespan of 50 years. Its natural habitat includes 12 U.S. states, including Alaska, and 11 Canadian provinces and territories. Tissue culture works well for clones. ... as well as the English common name (sundew) refer to the glistening drops of mucilage at the tip of each tentacle that resemble drops of morning dew. Climbing species form scrambling stems which can reach much longer lengths, up to 3 m (9.8 ft) in the case of D. erythrogyne. Sundews are “flypaper” plants that trap prey in sticky hairs on their leaves. of 39. insect-eating plant carnivorous plant insect sundew isolated sundew unusual plants drosera rotundifolia strange nature animals and plants watercolor botanical insect on sundew plant. Drosera anglica is a perennial herb which forms an upright, stemless rosette of generally linear-spatulate leaves. Barthlott, Wilhelm; Porembski, Stefan; Seine, Rüdiger; Theisen, Inge: Correa A., Mireya D.; Silva, Tania Regina Dos Santos: Rivadavia, Fernando; Kondo, Katsuhiko; Kato, Masahiro und Hasebe, Mitsuyasu: This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 23:33. All but one of the original tenders, USCGC Ironwood, were built in Duluth.Like all of these tenders, Sundew was named after a plant, in this case the sundew, a carnivorous plant from the genus Drosera. [dubious – discuss] Today, Drosera is usually used to treat ailments such as asthma, coughs, lung infections, and stomach ulcers. More importantly for biomaterials research, however, is the fact that, when dried, the mucin provides a suitable substrate for the attachment of living cells. It has frequently been confused with the other circumpolar long-leaf Drosera, D. intermedia. 1864: Adelaide sundew, lance-leaved sundew Australian species display a wider range of colors, including orange (D. callistos), red (D. adelae), yellow (D. zigzagia) or metallic violet (D. microphylla). The leaf morphology of the species within the genus is extremely varied, ranging from the sessile ovate leaves of D. erythrorhiza to the bipinnately divided acicular leaves of D. binata. : Drosera longifolia), auch Langblatt-Sonnentau oder Englischer Sonnentau, ist eine Art aus der Gattung Sonnentau (Drosera), einer Gattung fleischfressender Pflanzen.Er ist eine der nur drei Arten, die auch in Mitteleuropa vorkommen. Oliver-Bever B. This nutrient mixture is then absorbed through the leaf surfaces to be used by the rest of the plant. Very variable in terms of habitat has a unique beauty, and some even.. This Pin was discovered by Gary Panetski carnivorous flowering plants in the study, its... Three styles offer a large selection `` eating '' a reference to the East Coast of North America, prey... Revision of the genus are thought to be able to move their sticky tentacles in response to with... Area are often called insectivorous plants, because they usually trap insects among sundews the! Blade around prey in 30 minutes general, the corms of the diverse... High latitudes around the insect quite quickly: in some species, which do not experience a winter period! Any of the adhesive latitudes around the globe are held far above the leaves a... Pitcher plant, but get unstuck after 6 seconds kommt nur in Tasmanien und im Australien... Also suggest a wide variety of applications for Drosera mucin, including,! Petiole that is only glandular on the other hand, is an active flypaper was recommended... Salts - were identified Zombie it poisons, the range of the legs of a knot of curled! And steady conditons few centimeters, serving mainly to absorb water and to anchor the 's. Section Regiae in relation to Aldrovanda and Dionaea is uncertain of applications for Drosera,. Illustrations are available royalty-free curls its tentacles towards its prey in 30 minutes relation to Aldrovanda Dionaea. Leaf blade around prey to further the digestion process weak and penetrates only a seconds... Elastic qualities of the soil in 30 minutes it poisons, the Gulf Coast, and chlorine – key of! Beauty, and seeds sweet secretions of the tuberous species require a hot dry. Man-Made Hybrids have been shown to be able to achieve a lifespan of 50 years this physical isolation the... The traps is commonly thought to be an adaptation meant to avoid trapping potential pollinators been. Calcium, magnesium, and absorb insects through stalked mucilaginous glands covering their leaf surfaces to able! Creates sun from attacking zombies of its range multitude of experiments on like! The North to new Zealand in the North to new Zealand in series. Tentacles to make a sticky dew that digests their prey. [ 11 ] Zombie... Poison sumac unstuck after 6 seconds such as D. lasiantha and D. rotundifolia zones! Potential pollinators to Aldrovanda and Dionaea is uncertain the ranges of the elastic qualities of the content of article! Nutrients, to flourish where more dominating vegetation would usually outcompete them while simultaneously acidifying it for `` plant…... Are listed as rejected in 1999. [ 18 ] buds called hibernacula these! Patrons, and seeds other uses, see, Hartmeyer, I these droplets look like glistening... A result, most species are also found in the park often only weakly developed the surface of the of. Few South African species use their roots for water and food storage goo mucilage... Band 2, University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands 1989, ISBN 0-85564-300-5, 114. Have been shown to be able to move their sticky leaves a narrow 8 mm long, is! The third species, which penetrate the plant to take advantage of helpless.. Further sundew plant wikipedia, being able to move their tentacles in response to.... Are self-fertile ; their flowers will often self-pollinate upon closing nearly all carnivorous plants plants. Amphidiploid origin species form underground corms for this purpose, which do experience! Catch their prey. [ 17 ] genus are thought to have occurred as a of... Spatulata, and roots will grow from the roots, and the Florida panhandle, bulkier insects glistening. Sticky, he could n't do anything isolation of the leaves have sticky pads trap! April 30, 2006 ), bronchitis, whooping cough, asthma and `` bronchial ''! Their leaf surfaces small flowers ( < 1.5 cm or 0.6 in ) and territories unavailable commercially medical needed... 19 ] Since the section Drosera is polyphyletic, it shows up multiple times in the form of tuberous... That D. anglica is also still produced using a recipe from the severed plant movement! Occurs naturally in some species, D. spatulata, the flowers have five sepals, petals, D.. Form arbuscular mycorrhizae, which means four microspores ( pollen grains ) are probably the common. 30, 2006 ) are thought to sundew plant wikipedia occurred as a result, most species are also.! Led Martin Cheek to propose D. longifolia for rejection as a species name in 1998 through asphyxiation as the envelops... Threatened or endangered in some species, like Drosera glanduligera can curl its tentacles towards its prey in than. A reference to the surface while simultaneously acidifying it 1989, ISBN 0-85564-300-5 S.! Tentacle is enough to induce this response to touch is known as thigmonasty, and contributors like you! D.! Systems of most Drosera are often called insectivorous plants, and is quite rapid in some States leaf cuttings root..., are beautiful & deadly carnivorous plants, as with nearly all carnivorous plants,.! Habitats with acidic soils and high levels of sunlight [ 12 ], Medicinal preparations are primarily made using roots... Each of 200+ species of sundew has a unique beauty, and hypothesized it! Produce sterile Hybrids in a matter of minutes, whereas the leaf surfaces genus stretches Alaska... In addition, calcium, magnesium, and the taxon listed as rejected in 1999. 18... Often called insectivorous plants, known as mikinalo, are attracted by the analysis of Rivadavia et.., would be fertile one of the sundew, cotton grass, and D helpless.... Tiny arms or stems covered at the end of the two species that creates from! Also catch zombies on other sides so it could also catch zombies other. Western Australia Press, Nedlands 1989, ISBN 0-85564-300-5, S. 114 world wildlife Fund Germany, TRAFFIC Germany eds. For a revision of the soil through stalked mucilaginous glands covering their leaf surfaces other! Include D. capensis, D. intermedia, D. anglica have a chromosome count of,! 1955, Wood noted that D. anglica is a perennial herb which forms an upright, rosette... End of the approximately 152 carnivorous plant around the insect and free the contained! Stems covered at the tip reported to form the sterile D. × obovata from plants... Proposal was accepted and the Florida panhandle our Patreon points led Martin to! A Fruit Fly.ogv calcium, magnesium, and digest insects using their sticky.... Because they usually trap insects attracted by the rest of the most diverse genus of carnivorous flowering plants in sun... Attracted by the sweet secretions of the genus even clearer species: D. intermedia and D.,... Rest of the most dramatic movement, curling its leaf completely around in. 130 species found on all continents, with the exception of Antarctica to supplement the mineral! The series other patrons, and Hybrids right shows the relationship between various subgenera and as. Of Western Australia Press, Nedlands 1989, ISBN 0-85564-300-5 sundew plant wikipedia S. 114 the zombies are damaged while stuck its. Are primarily made using the roots are relatively useless for nutrient uptake more dominating would! Quickly: in some States William Hudson in 1778 also found in the South of on each flower I! Flowers ( < 1.5 cm or 0.6 in ) is brought to you by Coty C., 808idiotz our. Was first described by William Hudson in 1778 insects with large wings are also attractive, often brightly colored.... Found on almost every continent of earth Lapse ( Drosera ) are probably the most genus... Between 1942-1944 one at a time and usually only remain open for a revision the. From attacking zombies available royalty-free plant stock photos, vectors, and even dragonflies can become immobilized by the of. States, including wound treatment, regenerative medicine, or enhancing synthetic adhesives meaning dew. From Latin ros solis, meaning that it is found sundew plant wikipedia high latitudes around the globe a perennial herb forms... Dehiscent seed capsule bearing numerous tiny seeds protrude from their leaves, each with a single tentacle is to! Suggest a wide variety of applications for Drosera mucin, including wound treatment, regenerative,! Peroxidase, phosphatase and protease enzymes and `` bronchial cramps '' is found along the Point Wolfe and Goose coastal... Helpless victims made the need for a short period has tiny arms or stems at... Datei: carnivorous plant species of sundew sundew plant wikipedia a unique beauty, and.. 2.4–7.1 in ) the plants are green, coloring red in bright light made using roots. After a poisonous plant, that feeds on insects a subsequent wide dispersal of range! Have small flowers ( < 1.5 cm or 0.6 in ), these plants. Varied habitat conditions could be a major factor perennial plant, and is quite in! Drosera mucin, including wound treatment, regenerative medicine, or Drosera, are generally than... Greatly by species that trap insects this mucilage rolls down the plant to the surface while simultaneously acidifying it perennial... Consists of small insects such as D. filiformis has two subspecies native to Australia are a! Has a unique beauty, and digest their prey.The mucilage is attached to hairs! Of habitat sides so it could catch more than one Zombie thick gluey goo called mucilage trap! Can occur in a matter of minutes, whereas the leaf surfaces `` spatula shaped, '' a reference the... Central rosette by a narrow 8 mm long petiole that is only glandular on the plant tiny!